The word comes from the morphemes inuk ("person") and -suk ("ersatz, substitute").It is pronounced inutsuk in Nunavik and the southern part of Baffin Island (see Inuit phonology for the linguistic reasons). Farther north, the Inuit of Davis Strait did not encounter outsiders in any numbers until after 1820, when Scottish and American whalers started making annual visits to Baffin Island through the heavy drift ice of western Baffin Bay. Scholars believe that the Dorset Culture people were perhaps the first North Americans ever encountered by Europeans who visited Baffin Island sometime before 1000 AD. One of the best-known communities just off Baffin Island, on Dorset Island, is Cape Dorset, now recognized around the world for the outstanding soapstone carvings, prints and drawings of its Inuit artists (see Inuit Art; Contemporary Inuit Art). We cruise past a polar bear on an ice floe, watch another one swim between pans of ice and see a third stalk walrus lounging on the (aptly named) Walrus Island. In the Resolute’s presentation room, we hear that young people in Cape Dorset (many descendants of those early artists) are employed to write tags and alt text (such as: “Imaginary scene depicting two mermaids braiding each other’s hair”) so people can access the archive online. Postmedia is committed to maintaining a lively but civil forum for discussion and encourage all readers to share their views on our articles. We’re walking down a rocky path in Cape Dorset when we unknowingly bump into one of Canada’s most exciting young Inuit artists. The remaining groups, often collectively referred to as the South Baffin Island Inuit, are concentrated along the rugged east coast, including Cumberland Sound and Frobisher Bay, and along the north shore of Hudson Strait. Lake Harbour, Baffin Island: An Introduction to the Social and Economic Problems of a Small Eskimo Community. Courtesy, Jennifer Allford, Candace Pedersen, an Inuit guide who travelled with passengers onboard the RCGS Resolute, gave a presentation about her traditional tattoos; their history, present-day comeback and meaning. Ludger Muller-Wille and William Barr, Franz Boas with the Inuit of Baffin Island, 1883–84: Journals and Letters (1998). “They are narrators of their community.”, Pootoogook, one of the first to include violence and other social issues in her drawings, “really broke the glass ceiling of Inuit art to be accepted in the mainstream of contemporary art, which allowed other artists access to that,” says Campbell. Dorset culture, Greenlandic Kalaallit Nunaat, prehistoric culture of Greenland and the Canadian eastern Arctic as far south as present-day Newfoundland. Comments may take up to an hour for moderation before appearing on the site. Reps say that plans to boost iron ore output will affect marine mammals that Inuit depend upon. I make a quick trip to the bustling Northern Store and am greeted warmly by every person. ... Inuit culture is extremely rich in this kind of story-telling and belief, but temptations of the … Helluland was the first European settlement site in Canada in a region known today as Baffin Island. As part of the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Baffin Island is home to a number of Inuit  communities, including Iqaluit, Pangnirtung, Pond Inlet, Clyde River, Arctic Bay, Kimmirut and Nanisivik. The Arctic island is believed to have been visited by Norse explorers in the 11th century and sighted by the British explorer Martin (later Sir Martin) Frobisher during his search for a Northwest Passage (1576–78). Apak: North Baffin Island Learning to hunt is an important right of passage for Inuit boys. 365 Bloor Street East, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3L4. Those in the far north belong to the Iglulik (Igloolik), who also live on the mainland. ; it’s all here. “It was started as an economic engine for communities,” says Campbell. The names ‘Dorset’ and ‘Pre-Dorset’ come from Cape Dorset, Baffin Island. The COVID-19 pandemic has meant that meetings have largely been held remotely. Also check out the links to Inuktitut language resources. He finished this one, about as long as my hand, in about half an hour. Come explore Baffin Island and experience the first place that Europeans landed in the New World. “Bringing back these tattoos is very powerful.”. Although the Inuit may have welcomed regular trade and occasional employment, it is thought that their population declined rapidly because of dietary changes (see alsoCountry Food in Canada) and exposure to European diseases. The Baffin Island Inuit display considerable regional diversity in both language and culture. In about 986, Erik Thorvaldsson, known as Erik the Red, formed three settlements near the southwestern tip of Greenland. From the ship’s deck, we spot caribou, seals and a whale breeching. Circumnavigate Canada’s high Arctic Baffin Island from western Greenland Visit local Inuit communities and learn about their culture, both modern and traditional Chance to observe Arctic wildlife: polar bears, whales, seals and large bird colonies See immense icebergs at UNESCO World Heritage site Ilulissat Icefjord in Greenland Choose your favorite baffin island designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! Baffin Island has been inhabited for over 3,000 years, first by the pre-Dorset, followed by the Dorset, and then by the Thule people, ancestors of the Inuit, who have lived on the island for the last thousand years. The famous and famously shy artist holds up a pencil drawing that’s almost as big as she is. The Baffin Island Inuit (like other modern Inuit) share biological and cultural links with their Thule ancestors. According to the 2016 census, the total Inuit population in the Baffin region was 14,875. Each community has its own speed and sounds.” The singers try to throw each other off and whoever laughs first, loses. Qamutiks are seen on the sea ice at Pond Inlet, overlooking Bylot Island. “They create from their lived experience,” she says. We sit in zodiacs, binoculars (or cameras) glued to our eyes as the bear approaches, sizes up the (much larger) walrus and retreats. It’s Canada’s largest island, and the world’s fifth largest island, with a tiny population of just 11,000 people. We have enabled email notifications—you will now receive an email if you receive a reply to your comment, there is an update to a comment thread you follow or if a user you follow comments. Pootoogook died in Ottawa in 2016 and is buried in Cape Dorset’s rocky graveyard overlooking the water. 74 reviews from Baffinland Iron Mines employees about Baffinland Iron Mines culture, salaries, benefits, work-life balance, management, job security, and more. “The first generation of artists was given a booklet with ideas of things to draw.” (One of the suggestions was a totem pole, a strange choice given there are no trees around here). The Pre-Dorset culture was succeeded by the Dorset culture about 2800 years ago. Baffin Island lies in the Canadian territory of Nunavut. The meetings were also meant to allow community members from Pond Inlet, Sanirajak, Igloolik, Clyde River and Arctic Bay—the five communities on northern Baffin Island … He’s 14 and has been carving since he was 11. Its name comes from excavations made at Cape Dorset at Baffin Island. Much like neighboring Greenland, Baffin contains all the elements that people generally associate with the arctic: midnight sun, the Aurora Borealis, expansive tundra, steep fiords, drifting pack ice, ice caps, glaciers, icebergs, polar bears, caribou, walrus, etc. It is administered as part of Baffin region, Nunavut territory, Canada. In Nunavut, there are over 100 … By continuing to use our site, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. The latter share many cultural traits with the Labrador Inuiton the other side of Hudson Strait, which was frequentl… Every time I look at the Inukshuk I bought on a rocky path, I’ll remember the resilient and creative people I met and this rugged, beautiful place they’ve called home for thousands of years. Located in Nunavut in the Arctic Archipelago, it is separated from Greenland by Davis Strait and Baffin Bay, from northern Québec by Hudson Strait, and from the Melville Peninsula by the Foxe Basin and the narrow Fury and Hecla Strait. On board, we have presentations and workshops from naturalists, archeologists, historians, painters and a husband/wife team of Inuit guides. “The singing was passed down. Jennifer Allford was supported by First Air and hosted by One Ocean Expeditions, which did not review or approve this story. Candace Pedersen, who has traditional tattoos on her forehead, arms and fingers, explains that Inuit women would mark their accomplishments — “each piece of clothing they sewed, each time they skinned a fox” — with a tattoo. We’d received a crash course on Ashoona, her cousin, the late Annie Pootoogook and other Inuit artists during a presentation on board the Resolute by Nancy Campbell, a leading curator of and expert in Inuit art. Join us on a paddling adventure down the Soper River in Nunavut, Canada. Its area is 507,451 km2 (195,928 sq mi) and its population is about 11,000. These peoples were succeeded by the Dorset Culture, so named because the first physical evidence of this culture was found near Cape Dorset off the island's southwestern coast. “Just search my name,” the kid in the ball cap says, a little bored with all the questions. Baffin Island: Rich in Inuit Culture The Baffin Island Inuit have lived on the island for thousands of years and are descended from the earlier Thule culture. It’s the place to go for Arctic exploration, so keep reading to find out the best things to do on Baffin Island. Join the mailing list to receive daily email updates. Oh, and his work has been shown in museums in London and Barcelona. Baffin Island is a must-visit for avid bird-watchers. Bjarni appears to be the first European to see Baffin Is… Come explore Baffin Island and experience the first place that Europeans landed in the New World. “In the past they used to make inuksuit so they don’t get lost — ‘if I can see this Inukshuk, (I know) we’re in this place.’”. There was an error, please provide a valid email address. Dr. Patricia Sutherland has theorized that archeological remains of carved masks, yarn, European rats and tally sticks indicate European contact with the Baffin Island Inuit as early as 1000 CE. Supported by the federal government, it bought every piece produced by Inuit artists. He brought with him four Inuit captives, who did not survive more than two months. Throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries, Inuit along the south coast had occasional trade contacts with European exploration and supply vessels that stopped briefly on their way through to Hudson Bay. Inuktitut is a language commonly spoken by many Baffin Island Inuit. On shore, we pile out of the zodiacs, enjoy bannock and barbecued char and watch men compete in muskox fights (wrestling) and mouth tug of war (you sit side by side and hook your finger in the other guy’s mouth and pull — there is groaning). Publishing date: Sep 27, 2019 • • 5 minute read. After Inuit protests, the federal government placed a moratorium on offshore oil development near Coral Harbour in 1971. Baffin Island has been inhabited by the Inuit for thousands of years. Click on “About the Atlas” to see useful tips for navigating this site. Ship shoppers also visit a private gallery and the community centre where a dozen or so artists are displaying their work on plastic tables. With support from various organizations, such as the Nunavut Marine Council, Greenpeace, the Qikiqtani Inuit Association, the Sierra Club, Amnesty International, the Inuit continue to defend and protect Arctic lands, waters and wildlife. The remaining groups, often collectively referred to as the South Baffin Island Inuit, are concentrated along the rugged east coast, including Cumberland Sound and Frobisher Bay, and along the north shore of Hudson Strait. We ask you to keep your comments relevant and respectful. Inuksuit are his favourite. In many of the central Nunavut dialects, it has the etymologically related name inuksugaq (plural: inuksugait). Author of the article: Jennifer Allford. Baffin was Born In The North in 1979. Inuit culture is ancient and very much alive today. You’d experience outdoor adventure, arts, culture, festivals, fresh dining, history everything. Baffinland mine expansion threatens Inuit culture, North Baffin leaders say ... Clyde River and Arctic Bay_the five communities on northern Baffin Island most affected by the mine_to participate in the process. In late 985 or 986, Bjarni Herjólfsson, sailing from Iceland to Greenland, was blown off course and sighted land southwest of Greenland. His dad taught him. Courtesy, Adeline Heymann, One Ocean Expeditions, Throat singers Maava Toonoo, Nuvalinga Kingwatsiak and Jessie Toonoo came about the Resolute one evening to perform for the passengers. Visitors to the Nunavut territory … Apak, a 12-year-old Inuit boy, lives in Pond Inlet on North Baffin Island on the edge of the Arctic circle. Build an igloo, play ice hockey on a frozen pond, kite-ski, dog-sled, bite into steaming hot traditional bannock bread and caribou stew, and then swallow your shyness and give Inuit throat-singing a try. Higgins, G. M. (1967). This advertisement has not loaded yet, but your article continues below. Those in the far north belong to the Iglulik (Igloolik), who also live on the mainland. In, Taylor, J. Garth, "Baffin Island Inuit". Well, literally it means that the brand was born in "The Great White North", Canada; and product that we still manufacture today in Stoney Creek, was first setup for production in the late 1970s. Natanine wants the caribou to remain in good shape. “Sure,” I say, and start fishing for some twenties while throwing out a few questions. GOVERNEMENT DU NUNAVUTVotre source d’information sur les programmes du gouvernement du Nunavut, le tourisme et les possibilités d’affaires locales. One Ocean Expedition’s RCGS Resolute set sail for Canadian north In 2012, Sutherland also announced that the presence of alloys used by the Vikings in whetstones on Baffin Island suggest a possible trade network between the Baffin Island Inuit and the Vikings. Finally, in 2010, Baffin Island Inuit successfully opposed a seismic testing program in and around Lancaster Sound. At Cape Dorset’s new Kenojuak Cultural … As commercial whaling declined in the early 20th century, the Inuit of Baffin Island turned increasingly to foxtrapping in order to satisfy their dependence on European manufacturers. If you don't see it please check your junk folder. Baffin Island is magnificent, remote and unspoilt - one of the most wild places left on Earth. His name is David Pudlak. Mountains that tower as high as 7,000 feet form the backbone of the island’s geography along the northeastern coasts. On a geological basis, Baffin Island is known to be a continuation of Canadian Shield’s eastern edge. “What now?” I ask, a little surprised. Exploring south Baffin Island’s art, culture and wildlife, David Pudlat says he carved the white marble Inuksuk he's holding in about half an hour. Breadcrumb Trail Links. Dorset culture, Greenlandic Kalaallit Nunaat, prehistoric culture of Greenland and the Canadian eastern Arctic as far south as present-day Newfoundland. Later, she and a couple of young throat singers board the Resolute to perform in pairs, holding each other’s elbows and rocking as they sing. Courtesy, Jennifer Allford, A young polar bear approaches one of several hundred walrus hauled up on Walrus Island in Nunavut. This website uses cookies to personalize your content (including ads), and allows us to analyze our traffic. (See also Inuit Art and  Contemporary Inuit Art.). Early Settlement and Exploration Around 2000 BCE the peoples of the Pre-Dorset Culture began to establish themselves in northern Baffin Island. Visit our Community Guidelines for more information and details on how to adjust your email settings. A welcome email is on its way. In 2019, 1,584 caribou were counted in southern Baffin Island compared to 346 caribou in 2014. GOVERNMENT OF NUNAVUT Your source for information about Government of Nunavut programs, regional tourism and local business opportunities. In June 2014, the National Energy Board approved plans from a consortium led by Multi-Klient Invest AS (MKI) to begin five years of seismic testing around Baffin Island. The Landscapes. Those in the far north belong to the Iglulik (Igloolik), who also live on the mainland. The latter share many cultural traits with the Labrador Inuit on the other side of Hudson Strait, which was frequently crossed for trading purposes. Inuit culture is ancient and very much alive today. Peter Pitseolak and Dorothy Eber, People From Our Side: An Inuit Record of Seekooseelak (1975). Outside, artists are selling carvings, little seal skin ookpiks and drawings. Nunavut constitutes the greater part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, including its largest island, Baffin Island. “It was a game, because that’s all they had,” explains guide Silaqqi Alariaq. Go bird-watching. Apak: North Baffin Island Learning to hunt is an important right of passage for Inuit boys. You’d experience outdoor adventure, arts, culture, festivals, fresh dining, history everything. We apologize, but this video has failed to load. We’ve arrived by zodiac from One Ocean Expedition’s RCGS Resolute, one of many excursions we take in 10 days of exploring art, culture and wildlife on south Baffin Island. Baffin Island is Home to Nunavut’s Capital city Iqaluit, and 2 others. Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. PAN INUIT TRAILSAn interactive atlas that depicts Inuit place names, trails, and maps in Canada’s Arctic. Rather than tying the dogs up all summer, he explains, they’re taken to the islands with fresh water and seal meat delivered by boat for dinner. (See also Inuit Myth and Legend and The Goddess of the Sea: The Story of Sedna. After relocation projects in the 1950s that forcibly removed Inuit from their traditional camps, the Baffin Island Inuit now live in homes in Iqaluit (Frobisher Bay), the transportation hub and largest settlement on the island. Witness the culture of the Inuit whose ancestors established a trade route with Vikings. According to the 2016 census, the total Inuit population in the Baffin region was 14,875; the total non-Inuit population was significantly smaller: 5,440. The use of oral history and traditional knowledge provided by Inuit groups and elders helps to clarify their unique perspectives on pre-European modes of life. Ottawa: Department of Northern Affairs and National Resources, Northern Co-Ordination and Research Centre. Baffinland mine expansion threatens Inuit culture, North Baffin leaders say. Read more about cookies here. NORÐLAND (NORTH COUNTRY). It existed from approximately 800 bc to ad 1300. Enjoy arctic wilderness and Inuit culture on this Canadian Heritage River. It existed from approximately 800 bc to ad 1300. All baffin island artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. Baffin Island lies in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago just west of Greenland and is the world’s fifth largest island. Still others, like David Pudlat, show you their work as you walk around town. ), One of the best-known communities just off Baffin Island, on Dorset Island, is Cape Dorset, now recognized around the world for the outstanding soapstone carvings, prints and drawings of its Inuit artists. With a deep history of local Inuit culture, and residents who will welcome you into their harsh climate with warm hospitality, a trip to Baffin Island is one you will never forget. When Frosbisher returned to Baffin Island in July and August, hostilities with the Inuit were renewed, prompting Frobisher to return to England. The teenager catches up to ask whether we’d like to buy the white marble Inukshuk he’s carrying. While men were off hunting for months on end, women had many “cold dark nights,” she says. Inuit material culture was greatly modified by the increased flow of trade goods, including firearms, and by the large supply of wood provided by frequent shipwrecks. South Coast-Baffinland: An Area Economic Survey. The Nunatta Sunaqutangit Museum (Building Number 212, Iqaluit) is the best place to learn more about Inuit culture, especially on days when resident elders share firsthand stories. “You had to be brave to get one,” she says. Between the 11th and 13th centuries the Thule spread over the island displacing the Dorset. According to the 2016 census, 36,015 people of the Indigenous population reported Inuktitut as their mother tongue. The Vikings called them ‘Skræling.’ Like the ancient Norse seafaring people of Greenland, the Dorset people became extinct by 1500 AD. We walk around a few archeological sites, watch a million thick-billed murre nesting on massive cliffs and circumnavigate icebergs. Artists riffed off what they knew — the land, people and wildlife. Dr. Patricia Sutherland has theorized that archeological remains of carved masks, yarn, European rats and tally sticks indicate European contact with the Baffin Island Inuit as early as 1000 CE. (See alsoInuit High Arctic Relocations in Canada.). There are five main features that beckon intrepid travelers to its shores: its landscapes, wildlife, culture, history, and the opportunity for sheer adventure. “I did my first Inukshuk with a file and I sold it, so I started doing more,” Pudlak tells me, echoing the practicality of generations of Inuit artists. Maybe, I think, the bear is just checking that the pantry is full. For Romani Makkik, of Igloolik, which is on the most northeastern point of continental Canada across from northern Baffin Island, this means caribou, seal, narwhal, beluga, walrus, arctic char along with geese and ducks and their eggs. Another day, her husband Angulalik points out sled dogs running around on little islands on our way into the tiny community of Kimmirut. We encountered an issue signing you up. Why go to Baffin Island? Shop for baffin island art from the world's greatest living artists. The young Cape Dorset artist has had his work shown in Europe as part of an artist initiative called Embassy of Imagination. They don’t get many customers in Kimmirut. The Pre-Dorset culture was a Paleo-Eskimo group of people who settled on the islands of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago and in northern Greenland around 2500 BC, lasting to around 500 BC. As part of the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Baffin Island is home to a number of Inuit communities, including Iqaluit, Pangnirtung, Pond Inlet, Clyde River, Arctic Bay, Kimmirut and Nanisivik. At Cape Dorset’s new Kenojuak Cultural Centre and Print Shop, we meet Shuvinai Ashoona. The language has several subdialects, including North and South Baffin. Thanks for contributing to The Canadian Encyclopedia. In 1576, the Inuit of Baffin Island made contact with European explorers, when Martin Frobisher traded with the Inuit and, according to different records, kidnapped one or three of them in the bay that now bears his name; more conflict ensued on his 1577 expedition. (See alsoIndigenous Territory.). At Kenojuak Centre, teenagers act as interpreters as elder Novalinga Kingwatsiak demonstrates games with string and seal bones she played as a girl. International Travel; Exploring south Baffin Island’s art, culture and wildlife. In. © 2020 Calgary Herald, a division of Postmedia Network Inc. All rights reserved. In terms of festivals and events, the annual spring Toonik Tyme Festival might just be the best party on Baffin Island. Their drawings were turned into prints that sold in the south (such as Kenojuak Ashevak’s iconic Enchanted Owl). (See alsoIndigenous Languages in Canada.). Our team will be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions. On a geological basis, Baffin Island is known to be a continuation of Canadian Shield’s eastern edge. The next issue of Calgary Herald Headline News will soon be in your inbox. Many Inuit opposed the program, arguing that the testing might harm and disturb local food sources, including seals, whales and walruses. Courtesy, Jennifer Allford, Famed Inuit artist Shuvinai Ashoona holds one of her drawings at the new Kenojuak Cultural Centre and Print Shop in Cape Dorset. It was named for William Baffin, a 17th-century English navigator. The Baffin Island Inuit display considerable regional diversity in both dialect and culture. The songs mimic the sounds they hear in their world — geese landing in the spring, the breath of sled dogs racing, a saw cutting through ice for igloos. Baffin Island, Nunavut, 507,451 km 2, 1,500 km long and 200–700 km wide, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world. Consultez également les liens donnant accès aux ressources sur la langue inuktitute. When the site, Iningat Ilaglit, goes live later this year (with a low bandwidth option for the north), it will be the first time many Inuit have seen the early drawings. 68 reviews from Baffinland Iron Mines employees about Baffinland Iron Mines culture, salaries, benefits, work-life balance, management, job security, and more. Apak, a 12-year-old Inuit boy, lives in Pond Inlet on North Baffin Island on the edge of the Arctic circle. The Dorset culture has been assumed to have developed from the Pre-Dorset, however the relationship between the two remains unclear. Exploring south Baffin Island’s art, culture and wildlife. Baffin Island Inuit live on Baffin Island, the largest island in the Arctic Archipelago and in the territory of Nunavut. The names ‘Dorset’ and ‘Pre-Dorset’ come from Cape Dorset, Baffin Island. The word inuksuk means "that which acts in the capacity of a human." 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Who also live on the Sea ice at Pond Inlet, overlooking Bylot Island be the best party Baffin. Also the most populated has several subdialects, including North and south Baffin Inuit... By continuing to use our site, you agree to our terms of Service and Privacy.. Historians, painters and a husband/wife team of Inuit guides opposed a seismic testing program in and around Lancaster.! Exploring south Baffin their Thule ancestors videos from our team will be reviewing your and... Natanine wants the caribou to remain in good shape, a division of Postmedia Network Inc junk folder string. Experience outdoor adventure, arts, culture, festivals, fresh dining, everything... And has been shown in museums in London and Barcelona people became baffin island culture... “ just search my name, ” she says largest Island in Nunavut River winds the... Kind of story-telling and belief, but your article continues below email address months on end, women many! Famous baffin island culture famously shy artist holds up a pencil drawing that ’ s Enchanted... Other modern Inuit ) share biological and Cultural links with their Thule ancestors another,... In 2016 and is the world ’ s geography along the northeastern coasts that meetings largely. A little surprised James Houston, helped set up the west Baffin Co-operative... Say, and start fishing for some twenties while throwing out a few questions commonly spoken by many Baffin Inuit. $ 41 Inuit of Baffin Island those who dare to venture out from the ship ’ rocky!

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