Match the following : A. Rigveda 1. This book navigates the reader through the chronological development of the Veda from Mantras to Brāhmanam, Āranyakas, Upanishads, Sūtras and Pariśishṭas etc. Maruts - storm gods 4. If Veda is in chronological order then it entails that too many battles were fought and all in the region of the Indian-sub-Continent against the local and native people, unless it … Books of instruction to be given in the forest or writings meant for wood-dwelling hermits C. Aranyakas 3. explain the origin and meaning of the various hymns D. Upanishads 4. The mane represents the hymns of the Vedas. Who among the following popularised the theory of 'Arctic Region' as the original home of Aryans ? The Rig Veda is the oldest of all the Vedas. Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda. The Vedas are consisting of four compositions, and each Veda, in turn, has four parts which are arranged in chronological order. Data Exploration & Preparation The concepts understood in Basic Statistics will be used herein exploring and preparing the data. The Satapatha Brahmana is the most comprehensive of these commentaries, but as Roy opines: “Several centuries must have passed between the Mahabharata War and the writing of the Satapatha Brahmana, because the Satapatha Brahmana shows a significant loss of Vedic science.” Yajurveda - Oscillating Multi-tone. The ninth mandala of the Rigveda samhita is devoted wholly to: B). This book contains the details of Veda Śākhās (branches) and Śikshās prevalent during that time and enumerates about 175 Upanishads available today, which pertain to the four Vedas. 6). c. Shankara, Ram Mohan Roy, Upanishads, hymns of the Vedas. A). The correct chronological order of the formation of Haryana, Sikkim, Arunanchal Pradesh and Nagaland as full states of Indian Union is : a) Haryana-Sikkim-Arunachal Pardesh-Nagaland b) Nagaland-Arunachal Pradesh- Haryana-Sikkim c) Nagaland-Haryana-Arunachal Pradesh-Sikkim d) Nagaland-Haryana-Sikkim-Arunachal Pradesh The Aranyakas concern worship and meditation. Followers believe the concepts of dharma and karma, and the religion breaks into various denominations, including Shaivism, Vaishnavism, and … Stay "to be, exist, to live" + Rta "order, that which is properly joined" SRUTI = what is heard. Taittiriya Brahmana A B C D. 9). Samhita, Brahmana layers of the Vedas. 10). 1. Which of the following gives the correct chronological order of the Vedas? Hindu scriptures are classified into two parts: shruti or śruti, meaning what has been heard and smriti, or smṛti, meaning what has been retained or remembered. History of Ancient India: Earliest Times to 1000 A. D. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_Hindu_texts&oldid=987201608, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 15:43. Vedas are the oldest some spanning back to the 11th century. Soma' and the god who is named after the drink. Collection of hymns, prayers, sacrificial formulae etc. This would be the toughest question. In chronological order the four Vedas are the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda. c. 1500 B.C. Varuna-sky and water. (B) Rig ,sama ,yajur ,atharva. So not … The arrangement of these MaNDalas in their chronological order is the first step towards an understanding of Rigvedic history. (A) Rig, sama, atharva ,yajur. Thus the Sanskrit commentaries were composed in order to preserve the meaning of the Vedas. Chronologically, Indian History can be classified into three periods – Ancient India, Medieval India and Modern India. To the extent that there are astronomical indications in the Vedas, these form a consistent set of data detailing an absolute chronology for Vedic literature in full agreement with the known relative chronology of the different texts of this literature. It is believed to be the work of 403 sages. Jaminiya Brahmana C. Yajurveda 3. So we can only seek to trace a logical and not a chronological evolutionary process in the Vedic literature. Our civilization dates back to thousands of years. It uses both written and oral techniques in tandem. Agriculture became the predominant economic activity. a. Upanishads, hymns of the Vedas, Shankara, Ram Mohan Roy. 1: A–M, Rosen Publishing. 1,028 hymns and 10,600 verses. Answer- (B) Rig, sama ,yajur, atharva. It is notable that Hinduism largely followed an oral tradition to pass on knowledge, for which there is no record of historical dates. The Vedas is arranged in chronological order of events and time. Rg Veda . The four parts are: The Samhitas, which contains hymns of praise; The Brahmanas contains rituals and prayers used by the priests to guide them in their lives; The Aranyakas contain information about worship and meditation and the Upanishads contains the teachings of mystical and philosophical elements of Hinduism. Thus, there would have been a highly advanced Vedic and spiritual civilization in the world. 1700 BC: The Late Harappan and the Early Vedic Period coincide: 1300 BC: The end of the Cemetary H Culture: 1000 BC: Iron Age in India: 1000 BC – 500 BC: Later Vedic Period. Aitareya Brahmana B. Samaveda 2. James Lochtefeld, Brahman, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. The six Family MaNDalas II-VII form the oldest core of the Rigveda. The head represents the seat of the Brahmin (priest). Rigveda, 1800 – 1100 BCE; Samaveda, 1200 - 800 BCE; Yajurveda, 1100 - 800 BCE; Atharvaveda, 1000 - 800 BCE; The early Upanishads were composed over 900 - 300 BCE. But they are not arranged in chronological order. Similarly Samaveda is said to be from around 1700BCE and Yajur from 1200–1000 BCE. Sharma, Shubhra (1985), Life in the Upanishads, Abhinav Publications. Samaveda - 2 tones - you exist in the boundaries of things. Regarding the chronology of these MaNDalas, only two facts are generally recognised: 1. 4 See also. Not yet. The techniques discussed here are important as they make the data fit for a modeling algorithm. The expounder of yoga philosophy is : 3). The Upanishads consist of the mystical and philosophical teachings of Hinduism. 1 Mitra- Sun's beneficient energy 2. vs. SMRTI = what is remembered. A B C D 3 2 4 5. (C) Rig and sama together ;yajur and atharva together. 2. The Vedas are classified under śruti. Which of the following lists of texts is in chronological order? Parjanya-god of cloud and rain 3. 'Secret or esoteric doctrines' B. Brahmanas 2. The four Vedas are the Rig Veda, the Yajur Veda, the Sama Veda and the Atharva Veda. The oldest of the four Vedas, Rig Veda, is all about Gyana or Knowledge. Q10. The period of the compilation of Rig Veda. One cannot find such similarity in any other Vedic text. Is the chronology of India from ancient to medieval period described in our history textbooks correct? 1). 7). - Rig Veda hymns composed c. 800 – 500 B.C. The Yajur Veda is the smallest of all the four Vedas. His nostrils are for oblation. The Vedic literature is in … Linguistically, the texts belonging to the Hindu Vedic Civilisation can be classified into the following five chronological branches: Rigvedic The oldest text of the Vedic Period, Rig Veda has many elements that are common with the Indo-Iranian texts, both in language and in content. In chronological order the four Vedas are the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda. The Vedic literature contains mainly the four Vedas i.e. Although the entire collection of the four Vedas are the most genuine archetype of knowledge imparting beacons, yet Rig Veda being the most ancient one has a great touch of spirituality and information. A) Rig, Sama, Atharva, Yajur: B) Rig, Sama, Yajur, Atharva: C) Rig and Sama together; Yajur and Atharva together: D) All simultaneously: Correct Answer: B) Rig, Sama, Yajur, Atharva: Table of contents: 1 The four books of the Vedas. It was published by Aditya Prakashan, New Delhi (India) in 2000. VEDAS: Rgveda - Chanted in one tone - Midline. Atharvaveda - Extra The Rigveda: A Historical Analysis is a book by Shrikant G. Talageri. The ears are said to indicate rites (voluntary and obligatory). Gopatha Brahmana D. Atharvaveda 4. 4. Which one of the following was the main characteristic of the later Vedic age? They contradict the hypothesis that the Vedas were composed after an invasion in ca. But modern researchers may have made some chronology, but that too are not accurate and only waving the stick in the dark. Now I will piece together the basic chronological order of the spread of Vedic culture from India. The mediator between man and gods according to the Vedic people was : 4). Match the following : Vedic literature Theme A. Samhitas 1. Get important ancient India, Medieval India and Modern Indian articles for UPSC 2020 preparation. b. hymns of the Vedas, Upanishads, Shankara, Ram Mohan Roy. The early Upanishads were composed over 900 - 300 BCE.[2][3]. Caste system becomes rigid and families become patriarchal. The Rig Veda is composed of 10552 mantras. This is a timeline which gives the history of sacred texts, as well as a few other relevant events. 3. Atharva Veda, that is known to have been written over 10,000 years ago, describes Ayurveda as a system that helps maintain health in a person by using the inherent principles of nature to bring the individual back into equilibrium with their true self. 5 External links. Mahabharata, 400 BCE (Origins likely in the 8th or 9th century BCE) Bhagavad Gita, 400 BCE; Ramayana, 400 BCE For example, Rig Veda is said to be composed from 1500–1200 BCE by some and some others believe it to be 1700–1100 BCE. The person who knows all the mantras is known asRitwik. (D) All simultaneously. If you want dates, then frankly to tell, NO. d. Upanishads, hymns of the Vedas… C) Rig and Sama together; Yajur and Atharva together. The Samhitas Rig-Veda Samhita(c. 1200 BCE) is the oldest of the four Vedas and consis… The Samhitas are the oldest part of the Vedas, it consists of chants of praise to God. – Beginning of the creation of the Vedas and the development of Hindu polytheism c. 1250 B.C. Which of the following is/are correctly matched ? 2. According to the Vedic tradition, the original spiritual and Vedic knowledge was given to mankind by God at the beginning of creation. Which of the following gives the correct chronological order of the Vedas ? The following list provides a somewhat common set of reconstructed dates for the terminus ante quem of Hindu texts, by title or genre. Sacred Texts Timeline. 6 References 5. The learned lady who is said to have debated with the famous law-giver Yajnavalkya was : 2). Veda, sama, Yajur Veda, Yajur, atharva Family MaNDalas II-VII the! Following: Vedic literature contains mainly the four Vedas have been a highly advanced Vedic and civilization! The theory of 'Arctic Region ' as the original spiritual and Vedic knowledge was given to by... Monism, Monotheism, Henotheism and polytheism man and gods according to 11th! Atharva, Yajur Yajur from 1200–1000 BCE. [ 2 ] [ 3.... 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